24.GENERAL KNOWLEDGE


GENERAL KNOWLEDGE-ANDHRA PRADESH

Pingali VenkayyaAlluri Sita Rama Raju – revolutionary, led the Rampa Rebellion
Komaram Bheem – revolutionary, fought for liberation of Hyderabad
Potti Sreeramulu – revolutionary, fasted to death in protest
N. G. Ranga – freedom fighter
Tanguturi Prakasam – known as Andhra Kesari
Kaloji Narayana Rao – freedom fighter
Swami Ramanand Tirtha – educator and social activist
Puchalapalli Sundaraiah – founding member of Communist Party in India
Makhdoom Mohiuddin – revolutionary poet
Makineni Basavapunnaiah – Indian Communist leader
Madapati Hanumantha Rao – first mayor of Hyderabad
Koratala Satyanarayana – Communist politician
Vuyalavada Narasimha Reddy – freedom fighter, early opponent of British rule
Vavilala Gopalakrishnaya – freedom fighter
Kaneganti Hanumanthu – freedom fighter
Kalluri Chandramouli – freedom fighter
Veerapandiya Kattabomman – Palaiyakkarar, early opponent of British rule
Gottipati Brahmaiah – freedom fighter
Sarojini Naidu – freedom fighter and poet
Kasinadhuni Nageswara Rao – politician
Raavi Narayana Reddy – freedom fighter
Raja Sri V R G K M Prasad – Member of Legislative Assembly, infrastructure creation in India.
Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy - Former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh
Nara Chandrababu Naidu - President of Telugudesam Party and Ex-Chief Minister of AndhraPradesh

Presidents and Prime-Ministers and Speakers

Malik Maqbul – Wazir of Delhi Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, President of India May 13, 1962 to May 13, 1967
Zakir Hussain, President of India May 13, 1967 to May 3, 1969
V. V. Giri, President of India May 3, 1969 to August 24, 1974
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, President of India July 25, 1977 to July 25, 1982
P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India June 21, 1991 to May 16, 1996
G. M. C. Balayogi, Speaker of 10th Lok Sabha 1998 to 2002
Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar – Speaker in Parliament

Reserve Bank of India Governors

Y. Venugopal Reddy, Governor of Reserve Bank of India from September,2003 – September, 2008
Duvvuri Subbarao, Governor of Reserve Bank of India from September,2008 – till date

Chief Ministers

Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
Tanguturi Prakasam
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy later the President of India
Damodaram Sanjivayya
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
P.V. Narasimha Rao later the Prime Minister of India
Jalagam Vengala Rao
Marri Chenna Reddy
Tanguturi Anjaiah
Bhavanam Venkataram Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy
Konijeti Rosaiah
Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy

Nizams

Mir Qamaruddin Khan, Nizal ul Mulk, Asif Jah I (1720–48)
Mir Ahmed Ali Khan, Nizam-ud-Dowlah Nasir Jang (1748–50)
Nawab Hidayat Mohuddin Sa'adu'llah Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang (1750–51)
Nawab Syed Mohammed Khan, Amir ul Mulk, Salabat Jang (1751–62)
Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Bahadur, Nizam ul Mulk, Asif Jah II (1762–1803)
Nawab Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikandar Jah, Asif Jah III (1803–29)
Nawab Mir Farkhonda Ali Khan Nasir-ud-Daulah, Asif Jah IV (1829–57)
Nawab Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal ud Daulah, Asif Jah V (1857–69)
Fath Jang Nawab Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, Asif Jah VI (1869–1911)
Fath Jang Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII (1911–48)

Military Chiefs

Air Chief Marshal Idris Hasan Latif, Chief of Staff Indian Air Force 1978–81
General Kotikalapudi Venkata Krishna Rao, PVSM
(01 Jun 1981 to 31 Jul 1983)
1. Born on 16th Jul 1923, General KV Krishna Rao was commissioned into the Mahar Regiment on 9th Aug 1942. He commanded a brigade in Ladakh Sector during the 1965 war.
2. During 1969 -70, the General commanded a Mountain Division in Jammu . After the 1971 war with Pakistan , he was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) for his most laudable command of the Mountain Division. In 1974, he took over a Corps in Jammu and was later appointed Deputy Chief of Army Staff in 1978. Subsequently he served as General Officer Commanding - in - Chief Western Command in 1979. General Rao attained the ultimate in his military career when he became Chief of Army Staff in 1981.
3. General KV Krishna Rao was the Colonel of the Mahar Regiment from June 1968 to June 1983. After his retirement in July 1983, General Rao served as Governor of Nagaland, Manipur and Tripura from June 1984 to 1989 and subsequently as Governor of Jammu and Kashmir till January 1990. Presently, he is the Honorary Colonel of the Mahar Regiment.

Government Officials

IAS Officers from AP

K. S. R. Murthy, IAS, AP Cadre
Rmakanth Reddy, IAS, AP Cadre
A. U. Sharma, IAS, Bihar Cadre
Madava Rao, IAS, AP Cadre
Arjun Rao, IAS, AP Cadre
Y. V. Reddy, IAS, AP Cadre
B. N. Yugandhar,IAS, AP Cadre
K. Chandraiah, IAS, AP Cadre
Chaya Ratan, IAS, AP Cadre
K. Ratna Prabha, IAS, Karnataka Cadre
K. Praddep Chandra, IAS, AP Cadre
P. Subramaniyam, IAS, AP Cadre (died in Helicopter crash along with YSR)
A. Vidyasagar, IAS, AP Cadre
K. Vidyasagar, IAS, Jharkhand Cadre
D. Sambashiva Rao, IAS, AP Cadre
ELSN Bala Prasad, IAS, Bihar Cadre
Jayanth Munigala, IAS, Jharkhand Cadre (VRS)
D. Sreenivasulu, IAS, AP Cadre
K. V. Prasad, IAS, Bihar Cadre
Rani Kumudini, IAS, AP Cadre
K. N. Kumar, IAS, Assam-Meghalaya Cadre
Peyyala Abbanna, IAS, AP Cadre
Peyyala Ramesh Kumar, IAS, West Bengal Cadre
U. Venkateswarlu, IAS, Manipur-Tripura Cadre
J. Suresh Babu, IAS, Manipur- Tripura Cadre
P. Ramulu, IAS, West Bengal Cadre
S. Narsinga Rao, IAS, AP Cadre
W. Rampulla Reddy, IAS, Kerala Cadre
G. Vajralingam, IAS, Punjab Cadre
M. Ravi Kanth, IAS, Kerala Cadre
AJV Prasad, IAS, Himachal Pradesh Cadre
S. Shiva Kumar, IAS, Bihar Cadre
S. Sanam Sai Prasad Goud, IAS, Andhra Pradesh Cadre

IPS Officers from AP

Chadalavada Umesh Chandra, IPS,AP cadre
Arvinda Reddy, IPS, AP Cadre
A. K. Khan, IPS, AP Cadre
M. Vishnuvardhan Rao, IPS, Jharkhand Cadre
P. Ramakrishna Naidu, IPS, Jharkhand Cadre
Pardeshi Naidu, IPS, AP Cadre (shot dead)

Other Government Officials

Y. Venkatarami Reddy, member, Union Public Service Commission
B.R.K Raju, ex - chairman incharge, Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission

Education

Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy, Founder & Vice-chancellor of Andhra University, Vice-chancellor of Mysore University
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan,Vice-chancellor of Andhra University
G. Ram Reddy - Former University Grants Commission chairman
J. N. Reddy - Oscar S. Wyatt Endowed Chair in Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M University
Arjula Ramachandra Reddy - Biologist, First vice-chancellor of Yogi Vemana University
Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah , Founder Vice-chancellor of Kakatiya University
Vasireddy Sri Krishna, Former Vice-chancellor of Andhra University.
Chukka Ramaiah, MLC, educationist.

Business and industry

K. V. K. Raju – Founder of the Nagarjuna Group
B.Nagi Reddy - Founder and Chairman of Vijaya Hospitals,Chennai & Vijayavahini Studios.
Kallam Anji Reddy – Founder Chairman of Dr. Reddy's Laboratories
Prathap C. Reddy - Founder,Chairman,Apollo Hospitals.
G. Pulla Reddy - Entrepreneur, Educationalist, Philanthropist and Humanist (G. Pulla Reddy Chain of Sweets outlets).
P Obul Reddy - Founder, Nippo Batteries Company.
Grandhi Mallikarjuna Rao – Chairman, GMR Group, First Telugu Person in Forbes Magazine
Sashi Reddi - CEO, AppLabs (W's #1 Software Testing company).
Raju Reddy - Founder & Chairman and CEO of Sierra Atlantic.
Ramoji Rao – Head of Eenadu Group
Byrraju Ramalinga Raju – Founder of Satyam Computers
Jeeri R. Reddy - President & CEO,JN-International Medical Corporation
T. Subbarami Reddy - Founder of Gayatri Group of Companies.
Magunta Sreenivasulu Reddy - Chairman, Balaji Group.
Galla Ramachandra Naidu – Founder Amar Raja Group
Srini Raju Chairman & Co-Founder of Peepul Capital.
S. P. Y. Reddy - Chairman of Nandi Pipes, Panyam Cements and S.P.Y.Agro Industries.
K. I. Varaprasad Reddy - Founder, Shantha Biotechnics Private Limited.
Ramesh Gelli Founder and chairperson of the erstwhile and now defunct Global Trust Bank
Gireesh Kumar Sanghi – Founder, Vaartha News Paper.

Science

Yellapragada Subbarao – cancer researcher
Dr. D. Bap Reddy - . Deputy Regional Representative (Diplomatic status level position) of Asia and Pacific for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(FAO) - From 1978 to 1982. FAO Representative in Indonesia - From 1982 to 1986 FAO Representative in Nepal - 1987
Yelavarthy Nayudamma – chemical engineer
Raj Reddy – researcher in artificial intelligence
Prof Dr N N Murthy Internationally reputed Quality & Environment Expert
C.R.Rao – Statistician and professor emeritus at Penn State University
Prof. Kotcherlakota Rangadhama Rao – Physicist (Spectroscopy)
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya – Engineer of eminence
U. Aswathanarayana – Honorary Director of the Mahadevan International Centre for Water Resources Management, Hyderabad
K.V.Vishnu Raju- CMD of Anjani Portland Cement and Chairman,Vishnu Educational Society,Hyderabad

Artists

Nandikolla Gopala Rao -Father of Modern Contemporary Art in Andhra Pradesh
Dr.Nataraja Ramkrishna – Proponent of Perini dance
Vempati Chinna Satyam – Exponent of Kuchipudi dance
Nerella Venumadhav – Father of Indian Mimicry
Shiva Reddy - Mimicry artist

Literature

Nannaya – First Telugu writer(Adi kavi),Mahabharatam in Telugu started by him,Out of 18 parvas 3.5parvas written by him
Tikkana – Mahabharatam Last 14 parvas written by him
Errapragada – The remaining part of half parva in Mahabharatam written by him
Potana – Mahabhagavatam, Bhogini Dandakam
Vemana – Telugu poet
Gona Budda Reddy - 13th century poet
Paravastu Chinnayya Soori – Telugu Scholar
Daasaradhi Krishnamacharyulu – Telugu poet
Viswanatha Satyanarayana – Telugu poet
Kethu Viswanatha Reddy - Poet from Rayalaseema
Srirangam Srinivasarao – Telugu poet
Cingireddy Narayana Reddy – poet
Kazi Zainul Abedin – Urdu poet
Wali Mohammed Wali – Urdu poet
Makhdoom Mohiuddin – Urdu poet
Tripuraneni Ramaswamy – playwright
Tripuraneni Gopichand – Author
Vasireddy Seethadevi – novelist
Prof Dr N N Murthy Poet & Environmentalist, Crusader of Paryavaran Kavitodyamam
Tummala Seetharama Murthy – Telugu poet
Madhunapantula Satyanarayana Sastry – Telugu poet
Ushasri – writer
Tirupati Venkata Kavulu – two Telugu poets
Gudipati Venkata Chalam – novelist
Gurazada Apparao – Telugu poet
Rishi Reddi - American author from Andhra
Devulapalli Krishnasastri – Telugu poet
Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha – Telugu poet
Ekkirala Krishnamacharya – writer
Keshava Reddy – Telugu Novelist
Chilakamarthi Lakshmi Narasimham – writer
Suravaram Pratapareddy – writer
Suddala Hanmanthu – Telugu Poet

Philosophers

Jiddu Krishnamurti – philosopher
Sri Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami – mystic

Award winners

Bharat Ratna

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, 1954
Varahagiri Venkata Giri – former President of India

Padma Vibhushan

Ravi Narayan Reddy
M. Balamuralikrishna
Kaloji Narayana Rao
P. Venugopal
Kotha Sachidananda Murthy
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Cingireddy Narayana Reddy
Y. Venugopal Reddy
Prathap C. Reddy

Padma Bhushan

P. Tirumala Rao
Gottipati Brahmaiah
C.K. Nayudu
Kongara Jaggayya
Perugu Siva Reddy
Akkineni Nageshwara Rao
B. V. Raju
G. A. Narasimha Rao
Shri Vavilala Gopalakrishnaya
Raja and Radha Reddy
Shri Adusumalli Radha Krishna
Raj Reddy
Mullukutla Ramabrahmam
A. S. Rao
K. Srinath Reddy
Vempati Chinna Satyam
P. Susheela
Mega star Chiranjeevi
Natasekara Krishna

Padma Shree

Gadde Rama Koteswara Rao
K.C. Reddy
Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu
Nuthakki Bhanu Prasad
Chitturi Nagaiah
Ghantasala Venkateswar Rao
Perugu Siva Reddy
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
B. V. Raju
K. Viswanath
Cingireddy Narayana Reddy
Shobha Naidu
Raja and Radha Reddy
Jeelani Bano
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Nerella Venumadhav
B. Soma Raju
Gullapalli N. Rao
D. V. S. Raju
Kallam Anji Reddy
Allu Ramalingaiah
A. V. Ramarao
M. V. Rao
M. Mohan Babu
Kotta Sachidanda Murthy
Kutikuppala Surya Rao
Brahmanandam
Shobha Raju
V.V.S.Laxman
Madhu Sudhan ReddyLalapet Don

Kentucky Colonels from India

Prof Dr N N Murthy

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna

Karnam Malleswari, for weightlifting (1995–1996)
Pullela Gopichand, for badminton (2000–2001)
M. Srinivasa Rao, for badminton (physically challenged)

Arjuna Award

Karnam Malleswari – weightlifting
V. V. S. Laxman – cricket
Koneru Humpy – chess
Achanta Sharath Kamal – table tennis
Mukesh Kumar – hockey
Mulini Reddy – volleyball
Abdul Basith – volleyball
M. Shyamsundar Rao – volleyball
A. Ramana Rao – volleyball
P. V. Ramana – volleyball
Ravikanth Reddy – volleyball
Yousuf Khan – football
J. J. Shobha – track & field athletics
Anil Krishnan – rowing
M. Srinivasa Rao – badminton, physically challenged
Sania Mirza – tennis
Mohammad Azharuddin – cricket
Mithali Raj – cricket, India Women's Team Captain
Pitchaiaha- Badminton

Dronacharya Award

A. Ramana Rao, Volleyball
M. Shyamsundar Rao, Volleyball
Pullela Gopichand, Badminton 2009

Member of the Order of the British Empire

Sekhar Tam Tam, for service as District Medical Officer in the British Caribbean island of Grenada [1][2][3][4]

Sports

Cricket
Maharajkumar of Vizianagram - Vizzy
C.K. Nayudu
Buchi Babu Naidu
Cota Ramaswami
Mohammed Azharuddin
Bharath Reddy
Venkatapathy Raju
V.V.S. Laxman
M.S.K. Prasad
Venugopal Rao
Ambati Rayudu
Shivlal Yadav
M.L. Jaisimha
Ghulam Ahmed
Syed Mohammad Hadi
Abid Ali
Abbas Ali Baig
Arshad Ayub
Noel David
Athletics
Kodi Rammurthy Naidu
Neelapu Rami Reddy - Former sprinter and athletics champion
Chess
Pendyala Harikrishna
Koneru Humpy
Harika
Tennis
Sania Mirza
Weightlifting
Karnam Malleswari – Olympic Bronze Medallist
Badminton
Pullela Gopichand, Badminton
Saina Nehwal, Badminton
Chetan Anand, Badminton
Jwala Gutta, Badminton
Other Volley sports
Achanta Sharath Kamal, Table Tennis
G.Gopi Chand, Volleyball
A. Ramana Rao, Volleyball
M. Shyamsundar Rao, Volleyball
G.K.S Vijay Chand, Volleyball

Music

Traditional
Tyagaraja, of the trinity of Carnatic music.
Tallapaka Annamacharya
Bhadradri Ramadasu
Kshetrayya
Classical
Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu
Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna
Nedunuri Krishnamurthy
Sripada Pinakapani
Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana
Emani Sankara Sastry
U.Srinivas
Jayaprada Ramamurthy, Flutist
Film score
Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao, Singer, Composer
S P Balasubrahmanyam, Singer
Ghantasala, composer and singer
P. Susheela, singer
S. Janaki, singer
P. B. Sreenivas, singer
Saluri Rajeswara Rao, composer
Chakravarthi, composer
Master Venu,Composer
M M Keeravani, Composer,Lyricist,Singer
Ramesh Naidu, composer
Chakri (music director)
Talat Aziz, Ghazal Singer
Suddala Ashok Teja, lyricist
Nagur Babu (Mano), singer
Devisri prasad, composer
Ramana Gogula, composer
Mani Sharma, composer
Pendyala,Composer
Satyam,Composer
Koti,composer

Dance

Sidhendra Yogi, Originator of the Kuchipudi dance style
Vempati Chinna Satyam
Shobha NaiduKuchipudi- Padma Sri awardee
Raja and Radha Reddy - Kuchipudi - Padma Bhushan awardees
Jayapa Nayudu

Cinema

Directors
H. M. Reddy - First Telugu film director
K. V. Reddy - Director of Mayabazar
B. N. Reddy (Bommireddi Narasimha Reddy)-First south indian to win Dadasaheb phalke award
B. Nagi Reddy - Owner of vijaya studios
Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu
Dasari Narayana Rao
L. V. Prasad
Relangi Narasimha Rao
Shyam Benegal
K Vishwanath
Bapu
K. Raghavendra Rao
A. Kodandarami Reddy
Ravi Raja Pinisetti
S V Krishna Reddy
Muppalaneni Siva
Ram Gopal Varma
Bulemoni Venkateshwarlu
Jandhyala
Kodi Ramakrishna
Sekhar Kammula
Surender Reddy
Krishna Vamsi
Puri Jagannadh
Trivikram Srinivas
V. V. Vinayak
Nagesh Kukunoor
Srinu Vaitla
Sukumar
G. Neelakanta Reddy
N.Shankar
Tapi Chanakya
S. S. Rajamouli
Anil Kishore
E V V Satyanarayana
Nandini Reddy

Producers
Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu
B. Nagi Reddy
L V Prasad
D. Ramanaidu
M.S. Reddy
Chalasani Aswini dutt
Allu Aravind
M S Raju
Shyam Prasad Reddy
Murali Mohan
K.L.Narayana
S. Gopal Reddy
Tammareddi Bharadwaj
Nandamuri Rama Krishna
Dil Raju
Vikram Krishna
Akkineni Nagarjuna
Writers
Pingali Nagendra Rao
Mullapudi Venkata Ramana
Jandhyala
Aathreya
Paruchuri Brothers
Trivikram Srinivas
Guna Sekhar
Jeelani Bano
Chandra Sekhar Yeleti
Sukumar
Gopimohan
Kona Venkat
B.V.S.Ravi
Abburi Ravi
Ajay Sastry
Actors
Chittor V. Nagaiah
N T Rama Rao
S V Ranga Rao
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Tadepalli Lakshmi Kanta Rao
Kongara Jaggayya
Rajanala
Ramana Reddy
Gummadi Venkateswara Rao
Kaikala Satyanarayana
Prabhakar Reddy
Relangi Venkata Ramaiah
Raja Babu
Dasari Narayana Rao
Allu Rama Lingaiah
Srihari
J V Somayajulu
Sobhan Babu
Ghattamaneni Krishna
Krishnam Raju
Ranganath
Balakrishna
Chiranjeevi
Mohan babu
Murali Mohan
Nagarjuna
Venkatesh
Jr.NTR
Mahesh Babu Gattamaneni
Rami Reddy
Pawan Kalyan
Prabhas
Nitin Kumar Reddy
Vishal Krishna Reddy
Tarun
Allu Arjun
Venu
Ram Charan Teja
Jagapathi babu
Gopichand
Naga Chaitanya
Ram
Rana
Udaykiran

Actresses
sankunthala
Savitri
Pasupuleti Kannamba
Bhanumathi Ramakrishna
Anjali Devi
Devika
Sowcar Janaki
Santhakumari
Suryakantham
G. Varalakshmi
S. Varalakshmi
Jamuna
Sarada
Krishnaveni
Vanisri
Jayaprada
Jayasudha
Bhanupriya
Kavitha
Farah
Tabu
Sameera Reddy
Laya
Swati Reddy
Sriya Reddy
Bindu Madhavi
Music Directors
Saluri Rajeshwara Rao
Master Venu
Chellapilla Satyam
Ghantasala
Ramesh Naidu
Chakravarthi
M.M. Keeravani
S P Balasubramanyam
Mani Sharma
Devi Sri Prasad
Vidyasagar
Ramana Gogula
Vamsi
Sri
S V Krishna Reddy
K M Radha Krishnan
Chakri
Vandemataram Srinivas
Journalists
G. K. Reddy - Journalist
Manikonda Chalapathi Rau
Bulemoni Venkateshwarlu
Nimmakayala Vamsi Srinivas
U Sudhakar Reddy
B Krishna Prasad
Sharieff Ameeruddin Ishaqui

Religion

Sanatana Dharma/Hinduism
Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD).
Buddhism
Acharya Nagarjuna
Islam
Khwaja Bande Nawaz
Sayyid Sahib Husayni
Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Mohammad Ali
Secular
Sathya Sai Baba
Dr Umar Alisha
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha

  • CONCEPT ( development of human relations and human resources )
– designed the Indian National Flag

కవి చౌడప్ప శతకము (1580-1640)

కం. నా నీతి వినని వానిని - భానుని కిరణములు మీద పారని వానిన్
వానను తడియని వానిని - కానను రా కుందవరపు కవి చౌడప్పా !
కం. ముందుగ చను దినములలో - కందమునకు సోమయాజి ఘను డందురు; నే
డందరు నను ఘనుడందురు - కందమునకు కుందవరపు కవి చౌడప్పా !
కం. విను భారవి భట్టును నా - చన సోముని మాఘ కవిని చతురత శ్రీ నా
ధు నుతింతును కవితకు తి - క్కన తలతున్ కుందవరపు కవి చౌడప్పా !
కం. పెద్దన వలె క్రుతి చెప్పిన - పె ద్దనవలె, అల్ప కవిని పె ద్దనవలెనా ?
ఎ ద్దనవలె, మొ ద్దనవలె - గ్ర ద్దనవలె కుందవరపు కవి చౌడప్పా !

వేమన పద్యాలు (1650)

  • ఉప్పుగప్పురంబు న్రొక్కపోలికనుండు,చూడచూడ రుచుల జాడవేరు,పురుషులందు పుణ్య పురుషులువేరయ,
  • కరకు కాయల దిని కాషాయ వస్త్రముల్,బోడినెత్తి గలిగి బొరయుచుండ్రు,తలలు బోడులైన తలపులు బోడులా
  • కుండ కుంభమన్న కొండ పర్వతమన్న నుప్పు లవణమన్న నొకటి కాదె భాష లిట్టె వేరు పరతత్వమొకటె
  • చంపదగిన యట్టి శత్రువు తనచేత చిక్కెనేని కీడు సేయరాదు పొసగ మేలు చేసి పొమ్మనుటే చావు
  • చిత్తశుద్ధి గలిగి చేసిన పుణ్యంబు- కొంచమైన నదియు కొదువ గాదు- విత్తనంబు మర్రి వృక్షంబునకు నెంత?
  • పట్ట నేర్చు పాము పడగ యోరగజేయు చెరుప జూచు వాడు చెలిమి జేసు చంపదలచు రాజు చనువిచ్చుచుండురా విశ్వధాభిరామ వినుర వేమ !

శతకములు ,శతక కర్తలు


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పద్యం:
ఆత్మశుద్ది లేని యాచారమదియేల?
భాండశుద్ది లేని పాకమేల?
చిత్తశుద్ది లేని శివపూజలేలరా?
విశ్వదాభిరామ వినురవేమ.

తాత్పర్యం:
మనసు నిర్మలతో లేనపుడు ఏపని చేసిన అది వ్యర్ధమే అగును.అపరిశుభ్రముగా వున్న పాత్రలో వంట చేసినచో అది శరీరమునకు మంచిదికాదుగదా.అదేవిధముగా నిశ్చలమైన మనస్సుతో చేయని భగవంతుని పూజలు కూడా ఎలాంటి ఫలితాలనివ్వవు.

కుండ కుంభ మన్న కొండ పర్వతమన్న
నుప్పు లవణ మన్న నొకటికాదె
భాష లిట్టె వేరు పరతత్వమొక్కటే
విశ్వదాభిరామ వినురవేమ
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నడువకుమీ తెరువొక్కటఁ
గుడువకుమీ శతృనింటఁ గూరిమితోడన్‌
ముడువకుమీ పరధనముల
నుడువకుమీ యెరులమనసు నొవ్వగ సుమతీ!

తాత్పర్యం:తోడులేకుండా వంటరిగా పోవద్దు. విరోధి ఇంట్లో భుజింపవద్దు. ఇతరుల ధనం దగ్గర ఉంచుకోవద్దు. ఇతరుల మనస్సు బాధపడేట్లు మాట్లాడవద్దు.

మీకు తెలుసా

14 వ శతాబ్దిలోనే శ్రీనాథుడు 20 -30 పార్శీ పదాలు వాడాడు.ఖుసి -ఖుషీ,దుకాణం,బజార్ ,తలవారి ,
పోర్చుగీసు - ఇస్త్రీ
ఉర్దూ ,అరబ్బీ - అల్మారీ ,బొత్త్తాం
రాసినట్లే ఉచ్చరించడం ఉచ్చరించినట్లే రాయడం తెలుగుకు ఉన్న ప్రధాన లక్షణం ఏ భాషకు ఈ సౌలభ్యం లేదు .

కొంగర జగ్గయ్య


తెలుగులోకి డబ్బింగు చేసిన జురాసిక్ పార్క్ అనే ఆంగ్ల చిత్రంలో రిచర్డ్ అట్టెంబరో పాత్రకు తన గాత్రాన్ని అరువు ఇచ్చాడు.

అల్లూరి సీతారామరాజు లో పోషించిన రూథర్ ఫర్డ్ పాత్ర: ఇది ఆయన జీవితంలో మరపురాని పాత్ర. ఆ సినిమా తీసే నాటికి రూథర్ ఫర్డ్ చరిత్ర మరచిపోయిన వ్యక్తి కాదు. ఆయన ఎలా ఉంటాడో, ఎలా ప్రవర్తించేవాడో తెలిసిన వాళ్ళు అప్పటికి ఉన్నారు. ఆయన 1940 వరకు ప్రభుత్వ సర్వీసులో ఉన్నాడు. కృష్ణా జిల్లా, గుంటూరు, కడప తదితర ప్రాంతాల్లో పనిచేశాడు. అప్పటి ఐ.సి.ఎస్. అధికార్లలో చాలా మందికి ఆయన బాగా తెలుసు. వాళ్ళను వాకబు చేసి జగ్గయ్య రూథర్ ఫర్డ్ ప్రవర్తన గురించి, మనస్తత్వం గురించి తెలుసుకున్నాడు. అప్పుడు ఆయనకు రూథర్ ఫర్డ్ చాలా మంచి వ్యక్తి అని, ఆయనకు సీతారామరాజు అంటే గౌరవం ఉండేదని తెలిసింది. అయితే రూథర్ ఫర్డ్ బ్రిటిష్ ప్రభుత్వానికి విధేయుడు. ఆయన వైపు నుంచి చూస్తే బ్రిటిష్ ప్రభుత్వ సేవకుడిగా ఆయన సీతారామరాజును పట్టుకుని తీరాలి. ఇది తెలిశాక జగ్గయ్య చిత్ర రచయిత మహారథినికలిసి ఆ పాత్రను రొటీన్ విలన్ లా కాకుండా విధి నిర్వహణకు బద్ధుడై ఉండే హుందా అయిన వ్యక్తిలా మార్చి వ్రాయాలని కోరాడు. అలా ఆ పాత్ర చిత్రణ మార్చడంతో ఆ పాత్ర నిలబడడంతో బాటు సీతారామరాజు పాత్ర మరింతగా ఎలివేట్ అయింది. ఆ సినిమా చూశాక పి.వి.నరసింహారావు జగ్గయ్యకు ఫోన్ చేసి "మీ పాత్ర పోషణ అద్భుతం." అని ప్రశంసించారట.

Tips in basic English grammar

  • kinds of verbs-week verbs,strong verbs,finite verb ,infinitive,transitive,intransitive,special verbs(auxiliary verbs ,helping verbs,anomalous verbs) ,
  • form of vrbs=ist,iind,iiird= (1.adding ing to the present verb) ,(2.past verb) ,(3.past participle)
  • past participle is used at 1.present perfect 2.past perfect 3.future perfect 4.present perfect cont 5.past perfect cont 6.future perfect cont and passive voice
  • be forms be,was,are,were,been
  • tens are basically two 1.present tense,2 past tense
  • does (do) is used when subject is in singular third person
  • am is used when subject is in singular ist person

5.SONGS

MOVIE LIST (UPTO 1960)

ALPHABETIC ORDER List 1-9 | A |B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L |M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
YEAR - WISE List 1932 | 1933 |1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 |1939 | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 |1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 |1949 | 1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953 |1954 | 1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 |1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983| 1984| 1985| 1986| 1987| 1988| 1989| 1990| 1991| 1992| 1993| 1994| 1995| 1996| 1997| 1998| 1999| 2000| 2001| 2002| 2003| 2004| 2005| 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011

6.సామెతలు (proverbs)

6.సామెతలు (proverbs)


  • A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush
  • A friend in need is a friend indeed.
  • A stitch in time saves nine.
  • Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
  • As you sow, so you shall reap.
  • Beauty is only skin deep.
  • Better late than never.
  • better safe than sorry
  • Don't count your chickens before they're hatched.
  • Don't cry over spilt milk.
  • Don't judge a book by its cover.
  • Don't throw the baby out with the bath water.
  • Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy,
  • wealthy and wise.
  • Every cloud has a silver lining.
  • God helps those who help themselves.
  • Half a loaf is better than no bread.
  • He who laughs last laughs longest.
  • Make hay while the sun shines
  • Necessity is the mother of invention.
  • Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
  • One man's meat is another man's poison.
  • Out of sight, out of mind.
  • Rome wasn't built in a day.
  • The best way to a man's heart is through his stomach.
  • The end justifies the means.
  • The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.
  • Too many cooks spoil the broth.
  • Two heads are better than one.
  • Waste not, want not.
  • When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
  • You can lead a horse to water, but you cannot make
  • him drink.
  • You can't make a silk purse out of a sow's ear.
  • Let sleeping dogs lie.
  • Hunger is the best sauce.
  • Measure twice cut once:Cocider your options carefully in order to make a good decision
  • Give him an inch and he'll want a yard:
  • The darkest hour is that before dawn
  • some people always take advantage of favor that is shown them
  • Even when things seem at their very worst, they may shortly improve
  • There only only twenty-four hours in a day :Time is a limited resource, so use it wisely
  • Any time means no time : When an event is not decided on or planned earlier it will never take place
  • Better late than never - To do something that is right, profitable, or good a little late is still better than not doing it at all
  • You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink
  • We can help, show or encourage someone to do something but we can't make him do what he is unwilling or unable to do "A bird in hand is worth two in the bush "
  • Something that one already has is better than going after something seemingly more worthwhile that one may not be able to get

CONCEPT
( development of human relations and human resources )

7..Gas

11.quataions

నేర్చుకోవడం ఆపితే ఆ రోజుతో మనిషి ఎదుగుదల ఆగిపోతుంది .నేర్చుకోవడం ఆపేసినరోజున మనిషి చనిపోయినట్టే.- అక్కినేని నాగేశ్వర రావు గారు 1.KARL MARX 2.SIGMAUND FRAUD 3.SOCRATES